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After the end of the Great Northern War the city stagnated.
Population growth halted and economic growth slowed.
However Stockholm maintained its role as the political centre of Sweden and continued to develop culturally under Gustav III.
On 8 November 1520 a massacre of opposition figures called the Stockholm Bloodbath took place and set off further uprisings that eventually led to the breakup of the Kalmar Union.
With the accession of Gustav Vasa in 1523 and the establishment of a royal power, the population of Stockholm began to grow, reaching 10,000 by 1600.
Stockholm's core, the present Old Town (Gamla Stan) was built on the central island next to Helgeandsholmen from the mid 13th century onward.
The city originally rose to prominence as a result of the Baltic trade of the Hanseatic League.